**Movement: **

**Pawns ** |
Pawns move forward one square at a time, but on
their first move can move two squares.
Pawns may
capture other pieces that are to their left or right
front, but not straight ahead. |

**Knights ** |
Knights move in an L shape a total of 3 squares,
and unlike any other chess piece can jump over other
pieces. |

**Bishops ** |
Bishops move on diagonals any number of squares. |

**Rooks ** |
Rooks move in straight lines any number of squares. |

**Queens ** |
The queen can move in a straight line or a diagonal
any number of squares. |

**Kings ** |
The king can move in any direction one square at
a time. |

Take your opponent's pieces by taking control of the
square that their piece is on.

- Pawns may capture other pieces that are to their
left or right front, but not straight ahead.
- If a pawn reaches the far side of the board it may
be promoted to queen, rook, bishop, or knight.
- All other pieces attack by their movement patterns.

**To Castle: ** If the sqaures between
the king and either rook are empty and no square is threatened,
and neither the king nor the rook have moved, then the
king can castle by moving two sqaures towards the rook
. The rook moves to the square opposite the king.